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The pictures on this page are extracted from Bookbinding in Pictures,
Angela Sutton’s CD ROM of bookbinding instruction.
ROUNDING AND BACKING
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Once the book has been stitched together it is rolled and hammered to turn the flat spine back into a rounded shape, which protects the sewing by reducing the strain on it when the book is opened.  The book is put into the lying press, two large pieces of wood which are tightened by means of wooden screws and a bar known as a ‘press pin’.  When the book is the correct shape it is covered by a piece of open weave cloth called mull and a strip of thin strong paper known as ‘kraft’ paper.
The book is rolled and hammered into its rounded shape. bookinding: rolling and hammering
It is then put between specially-shaped backing boards and lowered into the lying press. bookbinding:  applying backing boards
The lying press screws are tightened. bookbinding: lying press
The spine edges can then be shaped over the backing boards with the backing hammer. bookbinding: shaping spine edges
Glue is applied to the spine.
Mull is placed on top. bookbinding: placing mull on the spine
 
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